EU Energy in Global Transition – Towards More Secure Tomorrow


Course date: July 2018

The field of energy security is undergoing significant transition marked with global and regional initiatives aimed to go forward a low-carbon, secure and competitive economy and the European Union’s (EU) ambition to take a leading position on this matter. The EU's initiative and continuous determination to create a resilient Energy Union with a forward-looking climate change policy together with its decisive role in the negotiations towards the Paris Agreement as of December, 2015 and further non-negotiable contribution to its implementation has created a new momentum to bring about the transition to a low-carbon, secure and competitive economy.

After two years of the sustainable development of the Energy Union we witness significant progress made in the field of energy security. And indeed, since the initiative of the Energy Union is launched Lithuania together with its regional partners have made a significant contribution to the achievement of its goals, most important of which are the completion of a fully-interconnected and competitive EU energy market and enhancement of its energy security by the diversification of energy routes and sources. The completion of electricity interconnections with Sweden (NordBalt) and Poland (LitPolLink) in 2015 connected energy systems of the Baltic States with the Western European energy system, strengthened energy independence, contributed to the creation of a single EU electricity market and increased security of supply, while the new Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal in Klaipeda (Lithuania) launched also in 2015 for the first time brought supply diversification into the Baltic gas market. Also interconnector between Poland and Lithuania (GIPL) which is now under construction and expected to be completed in 2019 will ensure diversification of gas supply, enables integration of the Baltic States into EU gas market and increase energy security.

The course of Vilnius Summer School 2017 on energy security aims to explore specific aspects of energy transition, namely EU Member States’ efforts to pursue increased interconnectivity, including synchronous operation of Member States with the European Networks, enhanced security of energy supply, nuclear safety within and beyond the borders of the EU and the EU ability to speak with one voice, particularly its bargaining power vis-à-vis third countries and address energy security challenges in the neighboring countries.

Course content

The course consists of the lectures that address the most important aspects of energy security today. The course starts with a general overview of Europe’s energy policy, including its historical origins and current energy policy framework, including progress in creating the Energy Union, particularly main aspects related with EU Internal Energy Market and international energy relations. The course also addresses the challenges the EU is facing today, paying due attention to both - the domestic and external dimensions of EU energy policy area, including the relevance of energy diplomacy between the Member States and third countries in the field of energy. The second part of the course will be dedicated to the Baltic States as the success of good cooperation in achieving EU energy policy goals. In addition to interactive lectures, the course will include a field visit.